What Are Vapes Made Of?

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When it comes to products like 12 Monkeys e-liquid, many people are interested in knowing what exactly makes the substance. For the strong flavours and robust cloud production that they create, there appears to be a surprising lack of knowledge about how they come into existence. With the help of Foggy Gorilla Vape Shop, we dig down into the four main ingredients of every e-liquid today.

The Four Main Ingredients in Vaping E-liquids


Though not all 12 Monkeys e-liquids have nicotine, many vapers prefer the chemical hit that comes from this additive. Nicotine is an addictive chemical that creates a light-headed feeling by bonding to certain neuroreceptors in the brain and is the active ingredient in many tobacco products, including cigarettes and cigars.

This ingredient is derived from natural sources and added to the e-liquid solution for consumption with appropriate vape products.


Although Health Canada is strongly considering limiting the number of flavouring options available for vapes, including those of 12 Monkeys e-liquids, these restrictions are not yet implemented. As a result, flavouring ingredients can come from myriad sources and in many unique and different combinations.

These ingredients are generally considered safe for consumption, but due to the lack of regulation and transparency in the vaping market, it is hard to say not only what they are but whether they are truly safe or not.

Vegetable Glycol (VG)

Vegetable glycol (VG) is a naturally derived product from soybeans, palm trees, and occasionally animal fat. VG is a syrupy, clear substance that has a slightly sweet taste to it and acts as both the medium for flavouring and nicotine, as well as the fuel for consumption in vape products. It is generally recognized as safe for consumption, but long-term studies have not been conducted to see its effects when inhaled.

Propylene Glycol (PG)

Propylene glycol (PG) is a petroleum by-product with a slightly runnier consistency than VG. It is also colourless but does not contain any taste or odours. It is often used in food products to make ingredients thicker and bond them together. Many believe the purpose of PG is to carry the flavourings of the e-juice.

Often, both VG and PG are present in e-liquids in different ratios. As PG is believed to increase the depth and sharpness of flavour, a higher ratio of it will result in a more flavourful experience. However, a higher ratio of VG will lead to a thicker and denser vape cloud due to its increased viscosity. Choosing between the two is often a matter of personal preference.

Other Potential Ingredients in Vaping E-liquids


Water and water vapour can be present in e-liquids. Though this is uncommon, the natural mixing process may introduce the substance, as could those trying to dilute their e-liquids. Often, this is not a concern when purchasing products from reputable suppliers.

Ethylene Glycol

Much more common in the early days of vaping, ethylene glycol has largely been removed from e-liquids now, as it has been found to have high toxicity in humans. Some people still confuse ethylene glycol with PG, but they are different substances with different traits and characteristics.