Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. In comparison to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD is not psychoactive. Instead, it reduces anxiety, relieves pain, mitigates insomnia, and improves inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) symptoms and many other health issues.
Over the last few years, the use of CBD for medical purposes has increased tremendously. However, consumers continue to face challenges regarding the use of CBD. The most common problem is the confusion around which CBD products they should use- tinctures, topicals, edibles, vaporizers.
Moreover, the dose of CBD is also confusing. There is no official recommended dosage guideline for CBD as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate it currently. Besides, the advice on CBD use varies from health practitioners to health regulatory bodies.
Today, we are here to guide you on how you can put together a CBD treatment plan for your health issues, whether you are a first-time CBD user or optimizing your present routine.
- Clarify Your Objective
To choose the ideal format, you need to clarify what you want to improve by CBD. Do you want to resolve sleep issues or want to get rid of your arthritic pain? To work effectively, CBD needs to reach these areas of your body. You need to select the format based on which one can effectively reach your desired problem area in the highest concentration.
For example, if you want to improve your sleep, you may use a vape pen or buy CBD Gummy bears. CBD from these products travels via the bloodstream to reach the brain and induce sleep.
If you want CBD to act near the skin or mucous membrane, for example- the vagina, go for a localized product like a topical or a suppository.
- Think About The Time Frame
Some formats offer a sharp, rapid peak of CBD. At the same time, some of them deliver a mild, steadier concentration. If you want to get an instant, short-term relief, inhaled products like a vaporizer will be appropriate. However, if you are willing to maintain steady levels, an orally consumed product can be ideal.
Many people use a combination of delivery methods to get the best benefit. For instance, a 1-3X daily oral supplement and a vape pen as needed are used to reduce anxiety. Meanwhile, a 1-3X daily oral supplement is used with topicals as needed for relief from arthritic pain.
- Find Your Dose
To avoid any adverse effect, start with a tiny dose: a small puff out of a vaporizer or one or two drops of an oral formulation. This is well below the recommended dose mentioned on the product.
Wait till the CBD has peaked and eliminated from the body before you try a higher dose. For vaporizers, it is recommended to wait for an hour. For an oral formulation, wait for more than six hours. If you take the second dose too close to the first dose, you may end up experiencing a more intense reaction.
CBD doses can be taken up to 1,200 mg daily for months without any significant side effects.
- CBD Sources And Products
It is important to keep in mind that even after finding your ideal CBD format and dose, the dosage will have to be altered if you change products. Different sources of CBD have other effects due to differences in manufacturing.
Recent studies have revealed that broad-spectrum CBD extracted from cannabis or hemp plants works more effectively than ‘pure’ CBD. Broad-spectrum CBD contains various molecules that work together synergistically to provide a more beneficial effect.
- Ways of taking CBD
Types: CBD oil, edibles, capsules, tonics, powder
Pathway: IngestedCBD is absorbed into the blood from the GIT and goes to the target site via the bloodstream. CBD undergoes first-pass metabolism in this route.
Time frame: It is the slowest route to reach the targets. But, it remains active for the most prolonged period.
- You should take CBD after a meal as it is more absorbed in a full stomach.
- It inhibits cytochrome p450 enzymes in the liver and causes drug interactions. Ingested CBD induces more drug interactions than other routes.
2.Oral: Sublingual or Buccal
Types: CBD oil, tonics
Pathway: CBD is absorbed directly into the blood from capillary-rich areas beneath the tongue, along the gums and cheek, and travels throughout the body. This route avoids the first-pass metabolism.
Time frame: It is a faster route than swallowing.
- Chewing increases blood flow to the mouth, which increases CBD absorption via the sublingual route. So, you should take CBD on this route after you have had a meal.
- Keep CBD oil in the mouth for about one and a half minutes or more before swallowing to increase the surface contact.
Types: dabs, vape pens, high-CBD cannabis
Pathway: Inhaled CBD passes to the lungs. From there, it rapidly enters the bloodstream. It avoids the first-pass metabolism.
Time frame: This is the fastest route available. Although, it remains effective for the shortest period. In inhalation, CBD peaks in the bloodstream within 10 minutes.
- For a cleaner vapor, use vape pens with ceramic heating elements. Avoid any pens containing propylene glycol.
Types: oils, creams, lotions
Pathway: CBD diffuses across the skin and mucus membrane in this route and reaches the local target sites, like muscles, pain-perceiving nerves, etc. Very little or no amount of CBD enters the bloodstream.
Time frame: Varies, depending on the target.
- To get the maximum benefit, you can pair topicals with inhaled or oral CBD products.
5.Vaginal & Anal
Types: Suppositories, creams, lubes in applicators
Pathway: Apathway to the target is the same as the topical route. The bloodstream can absorb some CBD amount in this route since the vagina and anus are rich in capillaries.
Time frame: highly variable
- Absorption via this route may differ with your age, vaginal pH, and stage of your menstrual cycle.
In conclusion, as there are no established instructions for CBD use, finding the ideal dose and format usually takes some experiments and adjustments. Good luck!